Effects (or filters) can be used to modify a layer or a movie. Right now, only visual effects are supported.

Built-in Visual Effects

GLSL effects (etro.effect.Shader):

Other visual effects:

Custom Visual Effects

Etro provides many built-in effects, but you can subclass any of them to create your own. Note that, for now, Etro only supports visual effects. Audio can be manipulated with the web audio API and the audioNode property of an Audio layer, as shown below.

Simple Visual Effect

class Effect extends etro.effect.Base {
  constructor(color) {
    this.color = color

   * @param {(etro.Movie | etro.layer.Visual)} target - what to apply the effect to
  apply(target) {
    // 'cctx' stands for 'canvas context'; it's the 2d rendering context of the
    // target's `canvas`
    target.cctx.fillStyle = etro.val(this, 'color', this.currentTime)
      0, 0, target.canvas.width / 2, target.canvas.height / 2

This draws a rectangle over target, which can either be a movie or a visual layer. etro.val() evaluates this.color at the current frame, in case it is a dynamic property.

Hardware-Accelerated Filters

You can subclass etro.effect.Shader to make an effect that maps each pixel to a new value using the GPU. The following example sets each color's red, green and blue channels to x divided by the value of the channel before the effect is applied. The fragment shader source code is written in GLSL.

class Effect extends etro.effect.Shader {
  constructor(x = 1) {
      fragmentSource: `
        precision mediump float;

        uniform sampler2D u_Source;  // the original texture (updated every frame)
        uniform float u_X;  // the value of 'x' back in JavaScript (updated every frame)

        varying highp vec2 v_TextureCoord;

        void main() {
          vec4 color = texture2D(u_Source, v_TextureCoord);
          gl_FragColor = vec4(u_X / color.rgb, color.a);
      uniforms: {
        x: '1f'

      this.x = x

Note that each uniform is set to the result of calling val on the corresponding property; these properties are dynamic.

Audio Manipulation

While audio effects are not currently supported, you can modify the audio output of a layer or movie using the web audio API. Every audio layer has an audioNode property, and the movie has an actx ("audio context") property. By default, each audioNode is connected to actx.destination, but you can also connect to an intermediary node that connects to actx.destination:

// Disconnect layer from actx.destination
// Rewire